Create a Google Apps Script Web App bound to a Spreadsheet
Note: Google has introduced a new script editor, to publish/update a new version of your script (after initial deployment) is handled differently. See here how to do it in the new script editor: New Versions for New Google Script Editor
For many reasons when connecting App Inventor to "Google" we may need to create a web app as an interface between our app and our Google things. Many people struggle with the concept and this howto is intended to help demistify the process. One of the main reasons for using a web app is that is is created using your own google account, and
therefore provides access to files on your google drive, overcoming authentication issues for users, especially if you allow then to run the script as "you". You can set up a web app in a standalone script project, but, more likely than not, you will be looking to access data on a google sheet, so it makes sense to create the web app as a bound project.
You can read all about google apps scripts and web apps here:
and here a more detailed guide about web apps and google apps script by Tanaike
For this howto we will setup a simple web app that appends a row of data to your spreadsheet.
The same code will be used as if it were a standalone script
The data will be added to Sheet1
The howto will use HTTP GET, this means you can also test your web app in a browser.
1. Open up / create your spreadsheet
In Sheet1 put "Name" in cell A1, and "Age" in cell B1. You don't have to use the quotes.
2. Click on Tools and select Script editor
A new empty script project will open
3. Save the project with a meaningful name
(File > Save)
4. Paste/type in your code, removing the default code already there
You can copy the code below...
5. Publish your web app
Open the script project
Go to Publish
Deploy as Web App
Project version: - select New from the dropdown
Execute the app as: your google account address (email)
Set Who has access to the app: Anyone, even anonymous
Press the Update button
If you make ANY changes to your script after publishing, you will have to publish again, with a new version.
When you publish for the first time, you will be asked to authenticate your account to use the app. Click through the prompts and then click on ALLOW.
Who has access to the app:
This is important with AI2, because you are not connecting to the web app with a google account of any description, not even your own. Selecting "Only myself" or "Anyone" will not work, you have to select "Anyone, even anonymous", which as it states, will allow anyone who visits the web app to run it.
7. Grab the url for use in your app.
(This does not change once your app is first published)
8. Test the web app in your browser:
Check back in your spreadsheet and you should see that John,35 has been added to the next empty row.
9. Test the web app in App inventor
You will use the web component to generate data in your spreadsheet. See blocks and screen below
That should be it; how to setup a google apps script web app, bound to a spreadsheet.
This will work for private and public spreadsheets on your google drive.